Training on Making Alternative Livestock Fodder in Giritirto, Gunungkidul

On September 19-20 YAKKUM Emergency Unit (YEU) in collaboration with the Sub-District Assistance Institution of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry (BP3K) in Purwosari conducted training on making alternative livestock fodder with fermentation and silage methods to farmer group in Tompak, Giritirto Village in Gunungkidul.

What are the difference between both methods; fermentation and silage fodders?

The fermentation method requires combination of chopped dried leaves (teak leaves, banana leaves, rice straw – damen, legumes – rendeng, corn stalks and leaves – tebon), dried corn husks, peanut shells, etc. All components are mixed with nutrients elements such as rice bran, cassava flour, mineral salt, molasses and bio-activator (StarBio), then all material is compacted in airtight container like barrel. It takes only 6 to 24 hours for the alternative food to be ready for livestock fodder.

While silage method requires green leaves that have been aerated beforehand and then finely chopped. The green leaves are mixed with molasses, bio-activator (StarBio), rice bran and corn flour. All materials are put in airtight container, such as barrel and left for around 1 month (approx.. 30 days) before being fed to the livestock.

Both methods can be applied in areas like Gunungkidul because the area has abundance of dry leaves and farmers can reduce any expense for buying livestock fodder during long dry season. Silage method enables the farmers to “save” fodder until the arrival of long dry season.