Peer Learning to BUMDes Panggung Lestari

Picture 1: Group picture with the Head of Panggungharjo Village with sign 3R campaign.

On Wednesday, 15 February 2023 the YEU team made a peer learning visit to Waste Management Business Group (Kupas) which is a Waste Management Site (TPS) to Reuse, Reduce, and Recycle (3R), namely TPS 3R Kupas. This business group is part of the Village-Owned Enterprise unit (BUMDes) Panggung Lestari in Panggungharjo Village, Bantul district, Yogyakarta. 

As many as 18 participants from YEU, consisting of the YEU team from Palu and Yogyakarta offices, took part in this visit. The trip to Panggungharjo village took approximately one hour from Sleman district. The first place that the team visited was the TPS 3R Kupas. YEU team was welcomed by TPS 3R Kupas Panggungharjo staff. They made brief introductions of the place and then look around the operation site as well as opened the question and answer sessions. TPS 3R Kupas had been operating since 2010 and is part of the BUMDes Panggung Lestari enterprise unit in Panggungharjo Village.  TPS 3R Kupas hires 90 workers including those from marginalized groups such as people with mental disabilities and homeless children. Several companies such as Danone Ltd. and Pegadaian Ltd. have become their CSRs (Corporate Social Responsibilities).

Picture 2: Staff of TPS 3R Kupas explains the production of paving from plastic bags.

TPS 3R Kupas manages organic waste and non-organic waste (residue). Organic waste is easy to be decomposed naturally without human intervention. The organic waste from household waste is used to be composted. The non-organic waste (residue) which does not have economic value such as used styrofoam, plastic packaging, etc will be used to make paving blocks. The other non-organic waste which has an economic value such as plastic bottles, cardboard, metal, and cans will be sold to big collectors. 

YEU team also visited another enterprise unit, namely Kampoeng Mataraman Restaurant to have a meeting with Mr. Wahyudi Anggoro Hadi the Head of Panggungharjo Village, and his staff. He provided material regarding the demographic of the village. Panggungharjo village consists of 9.542 households family, 23.383 people, and 7.244 houses. The sectoral income of Panggungharjo residents in 2018 was 102,43 billion rupiahs, where 73% was from the service and trade sectors. As much as 27% were from the agricultural sector. 

Picture 3: YEU Team was informed about the operation of TPS 3R Kupas in Panggungharjo Village.

He also shared how to develop the Panggungharjo Village program including the management of enterprise units that operate under the BUMDes, one of which is TPS 3R Kupas. Panggungharjo Village has a welfare program to support its citizens to provide decent housing, health, education, and social space for all. They also created production houses for food packaging, the application, and application to help people bring their waste to TPS 3R Kupas. is a digital platform for selling products from residents of Panggungharjo Village. Pasti Angkut is a digital platform that provides a complete garbage service system.

The following are some of the valuable lessons learned during the visit to Panggungharjo Village:

  1. Panggungharjo Village raises environmental awareness because waste in the community environment is a future disaster if not managed properly.

  2. Utilizing existing land/waste disposal sites in the village environment to be TPS 3R Kupas in order to solve the waste problem in the community.

  3. The Panggungharjo Village Government utilizes village funds from the government for the management of community empowerment in Panggungharjo Village.

  4. Collaboration with related agencies regarding waste management in the village, including regulations of waste management in Panggungharjo Village.

  5. Utilize existing potential/resources, such as empowering foster groups from Social services to involve in the waste management process.

  6. Take advantage of opportunities/moments such as Posyandu (Integrated Service Post) and other meetings to educate the community about village rules regarding waste management.

  7. The Panggungharjo Village Government has other types of enterprise to support the operations of several enterprise units, such as in providing income including TPS 3R Kupas of Panggungharjo Village.

  8. Encouraging community education program, namely 1 house 1 undergraduate student.  This program is intended for every household that has children who deserve educational support. In the future, this program will help villages to develop in accordance with the background of their education. 

  9. The workers of enterprise units from BUMDes are local communities of Panggungharjo Village who have been given capacity building to run the BUMDes.

  10. Panggungharjo Village provides garbage transportation services to the community.

  11. People who want to sort their waste are valued at Rp. 1,000/kg or equal to USD 0.065 as a reward for sorting their own household waste.

  12. Only residual waste will be thrown into the landfill. The waste which can still be recycled is placed in TPS 3R Kupas. Besides that, waste is also managed and utilized to generate profit by selling compost, paving blocks from plastic bags, and trash (plastic bottles, cardboard, metal, and cans) that are sold to collectors. The profit is used to support additional waste bank operations costs. 

  13. Waste banks and TPS 3R Kupas cannot be 100 percent purely enterprise models because it is a social business.

  14. TPS 3R Kupas managed by BUMDes continued to operate even though the sales turnover could not cover the operational costs.

This visit was very memorable for YEU because the village government and BUMDes management are very friendly and open to sharing discussions. YEU team received a lot of lessons. YEU is currently having similar programs, such as the Womenpreneur for Plastic project in Palu, Central Sulawesi supported by Malteser International. BUMDes Panggungharjo provides inspiration and meaningful experience for YEU staff to implement these best practices in its project.

Picture 4: The Head Village explains the program of Panggungharjo village.

Several best practices from the peer learning visit at TPS 3R Kupas and BUMDes Panggung Lestari Panggungharjo Village that can be implemented in the ongoing YEU project are:

  1. The waste transportation system from communal homes to the TPS is carried out by the TPS management.

  2. Give rewards to the people who want to sort waste from their homes.

  3. Collaboration with universities for research on waste management in villages or sub-districts.

  4. Collaboration with several related agencies regarding regulations that can be applied in society.

  5. Opportunities for cooperation with several Stated-Owned Enterprises (BUMN) and other companies in order to get funding from CSR funds such as Pegadaian.Ltd (National Pawnshop company) to turn waste savings from the community into gold savings.

Hopefully, all the lessons learned can have a greater impact on society.