Terms of Reference (ToR)
Joint Livelihoods and Markets Assessment by Christian Aid (CA), HelpAge (HAI), Church World Service (CWS) and Yakkum Emergency Unit (YEU)
Indonesia Tsunami program, Central Sulawesi
On 28 September, a series of earthquakes struck Indonesia’s Central Sulawesi province, the strongest a 7.4M earthquake only 10 km deep and with its epicenter close to the provincial capital, Palu. The earthquake triggered a tsunami striking beaches in Palu and Donggala. The earthquake, tsunami and resulting liquefaction and landslides caused significant damage and loss of life.
As of 30 October 2018, 2081 people are known to have died with atleast 1300 people reported to be missing. A further 4,400 people have been seriously injured. Search and rescue operations were stopped on 12 October. The official emergency response period in Central Sulawesi ended on 26 October. While the Government-led response will now progressively transition into the recovery and reconstruction phase, the focus will also remain on covering humanitarian needs and addressing complex challenges.
Priority needs, based on the HFI-led Joint Needs Assessment (JNA), the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) and other assessments, include logistics and economic recovery, medical assistance, clean water, sanitation and hygiene, recovery of infrastructure and public services, shelter, protection, including women’s and children’s protection, and education. (ref.: HCT Situation Report 30 October)
The Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) of the Sulawesi earthquake and tsunami finds that women and girls are likely to be placed at risk due to their increased workload and caring responsibilities. The lack of safety and privacy in both sanitation and shelter is a critical issue for attention.
To address these concerns CA and HAI initiated the Phase-1 programming with Yakkum Emergency Unit and Church World Service using DEC and core funds. Agencies are currently planning to assess the livelihoods needs and solutions for the affected population which would be implemented as apart of Phase-2 programming of these agencies. The assessment is expected to design of joint livelihoods programming between CA, YEU, HAI and CWS.
2. Objective and purpose:
The main objective of the livelihoods and market assessment is to provide practical recommendations and input to inform CA, Helpage, YEU and CWS’s livelihood programming, which aims to enable and prepare vulnerable affected households to assist them in proactively position themselves for economic opportunities by participating in appropriate income-generating activities.
The assessment will identify the main market sectors in the targeted areas and the types of activities and partnerships needed to offer livelihood opportunities for affected households. It should offer an overview of the existing livelihood challenges and employment opportunities central Sulawesi.
Furthermore, the assessment shall identify and inform existing SMEs who could be considered as prospective partners, assess their capacity as well as the type and quality of the inputs required. Finally, the assessment shall consider the specific needs of the beneficiaries and inform any existing age, disability or gender-related barriers or any other obstacles to access livelihood opportunities, and which shall be considered for future planning. Moreover, it shall analyze beneficiaries’ livelihood and market participation behaviors, resilience status, and preferences.
The market and livelihood assessment should be completed in 2 to 3 weeks (approximately 7 days of data collection in identified villages/peri urban areas of Central Sulawesi).
3. Scope of the exercise
Analyze existing data and information and collect primary data about current beneficiaries to provide an overview of the income level, education, work experience and capacities, HHs expenditures, coping mechanisms and financial risks management strategies. Provide a clear picture of the challenges and barriers that affected HHs are facing in accessing specific business, vocational employment and self-employment opportunities in the target area with particular attention to gender, age and disability considerations;
Provide a livelihood recovery plan with potential options and market analysis identifying the skills and knowledge gaps that can be improved with training within the specific value chains and propose an appropriate plan for vocational and entrepreneurship development training;
Map market actors and institutions operating and delivering goods and services in the area; the accessibility of vocational/technical training, financial services and service providers
Map existing markets and value-chains (Size of the markets, volume of sales, market integration/segmentation, supply and demand for products and services, etc.). Identify sectors and value chains that are not overly saturated and present potential for growth, profitability and employment.
Identify and study successful home based businesses, income generating activities and employment integration of vulnerable families.
The consultant should evaluate institutional capacity, quality and cost of possible implementing partners, including provincial actors, private sector service providers and training centers as well as local mass organizations that can contribute to some training and services
4. Key outcomes:
- Identify individual beneficiaries, selected with agreed criteria for selection for livelihood interventions for CA, CWS, HAI and
- Set a baseline for endline survey of beneficiaries on their current food and livelihood security gap
- Ensure data collection for CA and HAI to be able to form business groups in each village
- Define a nominal expense chart for each business type in consultation with CWS, YEU and other stakeholders
The assessment should use relevant Minimum Economic Recovery standards and analytical tools (Household economy approach, sustainable livelihoods framework, Emergency market and mapping analysis, livelihood assessment, etc.)
The assessment will employ mixed methods. The tools and specific methodological approach will be discussed and agreed between CA, HAI, YEU, CWS and the consultant. Primary assessment methods will include (but are not limited to the following):
• Consultative meeting with staff, management and key stakeholders
• Key informant interviews
• Documents, reports and literature review
• Data/ records review and analysis
• Focus group discussions with beneficiaries and stakeholders
• Field visits to project areas and field observations
• Specific surveys (incl. Training needs assessment and Market and livelihood assessment)
- A formal presentation of the key findings in Palu and online for regional and HQ staff is required.
- The consultant should keep the commissioning team regularly informed of progress on key issues arising that may require additional direction or suggestions for other key informants or reference materials.
- The final report should be analytical and user-friendly detailing key findings and providing clear and forward looking recommendations. The report will be drafted in English and the structure and length of the report will be agreed between commissioning team and the consultant.
- Following is the list of deliverables to be submitted by the consultant: beside the market and livelihood assessment report:
- An inception report with detailed assessment work plan (Following the desk review) including preparation of tool for field data collection.
- A half-day workshop with field team of CA and HAI partners to train enumerators in data collection and submission of final tools
- Field visits in the identified areas
- A first draft of the report including market assessment
- A final report inclusive of CA, YEU HAI and CWS comments
6. Qualifications of the consultant
- Advanced University degree (Master Level minimum) in Development studies, Development economics, Socio-economic studies, or other related field. Additional areas of experience could include poverty reduction; economics, business administration or management.
- Minimum of 5 years of relevant practical field experience within one or more of the following areas: Socio-economic and/or household economy assessments; risks and vulnerability assessments, Market assessments.
- Experience and knowledge in livelihood programming in terms of Vocational and Technical Education), job placement, employment promotion, entrepreneurship building, private sector development, urban and rural small business development; Income Generating Activities; Cash assistance.
- Demonstrated experience in conducting assessments for planning and/or evaluation purposes.
- Familiarity with established assessment and analytical tools is desirable (e.g. Household economy approach; Sustainable livelihoods framework; Market analysis; Minimum economic and recovery standards, etc).
- Experience in conducting in depth market survey and livelihood assessment in rapid on set disasters
- Demonstrated excellent analytical, writing and reporting skills
- Prior work experience in the Indonesia and the region
- Fluency in written and spoken English
7. Ownership, resourcing and timing
The evaluation-commissioning team is the Regional Emergency Manager-Christian Aid, Regional Programme Manager- HAI and Program managers of YEU and CWS. The country, regional and HQ offices will provide administrative and logistical support from the commissioning agencies.
8. Tentative budget for the exercise:
Tentative budget proposed for the exercise is $ 5,000 (US Dollars Five Thousand) including professional fee and logistics involved in carrying out the review. This would be shared between all the agencies commissioning the review.
9. Submission of expression of Interest
Interested consultant are required to submit the following by 21st April 2019:
- Detailed CV highlighting experience on carrying out assessments, reviews, evaluations and expertise in the area livelihoods, markets, value chain in a disaster recovery context
- 2-page note covering consultants understanding of the assignment and the context, proposed methodology/approach, timeline and cost involved.
The above information needs to be sent to the following email:
Mr. Carolus Rudy Pinem, Christian Aid: CPinem@christian-aid.org
Ms. Anastasia Maylinda, YEU: email@example.com
Scope of Work of the Consultant
These ToRs describe the services/tasks to be performed by the Consultant for CA, HAI, YEU and CWS. All services of the Consultants described herein shall be performed in close cooperation with CA, HAI, YEU and CWS and agencies and authorities designated by it. The Consultant shall keep in mind that the services and tasks described herein cannot be considered as the complete and comprehensive description of the Consultant’s services and duties. It is rather the Consultant’s responsibility to critically verify the scope of the services indicated herein. It is understood that the Consultant shall perform all the services/work as necessary to fulfil the objectives of the Consultancy Contract.